A frenectomy refers to the process of removing a large or overextended frenulum. A frenulum is a piece of tissue which attach the upper and lower lips to the gum tissue as well as one which attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth. In some cases, an atypical shape in the frenulum can lead to speech difficulties, tooth misalignment, and feeding problems. A minor, outpatient procedure can help resolve these issues.
Some cases in which a frenectomy is needed are when there is excess spacing between the two front teeth and the positioning of a frenulum causes gum recession or restricted tongue movement. This treatment can be performed in childhood to reduce the chance of developing further issues in adulthood.
The frenectomy is performed in a periodontist’s office while the patient is under local anesthetics. The frenulum, which is too short or too thick, is then cut using a laser or scalpel and reshaped appropriately. Most patients experience little to no side effects.